Youth and Disability
Lack of ability to perform an activity in range or manner of a normal human being due to an impairment is called as disability.
There are around 180 to 220 million of the youth population (wikipedia) that suffers from disabilities that lead to prejudices amongst the non- disabled peers in their daily lifestyles. They suffer from the mental trauma of non – inclusion the society further being subjected to negative attitudes thus lacking self-integrity in totality.
These social discriminations and negativity rise from the misconceiving, stereotypes, and folklore that link disability with sins one has committed in the past.In general, people lack the efficacy of understanding and addressing the stigma in the forefront.
Poverty can also be a substitute of the marginal family with a disabilities child as one parent needs to take the role of caregiver moreover the additional pressure on the household, medical care and disability related expenses add to the family issues. In societies where girls are valued less than boys the families further hitch in investing in their educational, healthcare or job training. The programmes that exist are either more focused on inclusive development of the children or the adults but many developing countries lack the psychological and holistic development of the youth is.
Awareness and capacity building programmes are required for teachers to provide necessary form of education to youth with disabilities.
Physical barriers in schools infrastructure, special accommodations, lack of trained staff
might include tutors or aides, more time for students to take tests, alternative tests, modified grading standards, slower-paced instruction, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, therapeutic recreation, counselling services including rehabilitation and absolutely no facilities are the reasons for lack of education which constitutes to the bigger problem of job security amongst the youth .
According to the World Report on Disability (WHO, World Bank 2011), children with disabilities are more likely not to receive an education or they drop out of school without a certificate.The intellectual and physical impairments anyways limit their job profile with less education escalates the over all problem.
According to the International Labourorganisation Data 2002 the unemployment rate among people with disabilities is 80% higher in developing countries than other countries.
Effective assessment of transition services which includes focusing on the capacity of individuals, competences and skills needed to gain employment; including transition goals in educational planning which includes school to post-school activities, including post secondary education, vocational education, integrated employment oriented approaches,
community experiences, the development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives should be used to strengthen the young persons with disabilities and tailor the services to their specific needs.
The quality of life can be improved for the disabled youth by response of civil society towards their felt needs which can be brought to public awareness along with the help of NGO’s acknowledging their basic needs and removing the social stigma such people are subjected in their lives. Some other measures include an improved monitoring and evaluation of services in terms of research, fund allocation, cost-effectiveness, collaboration with employment and labour sectors for better access to training and technical opportunities for the disabled people along with conducive environment leading to social and economic integration of individuals.